The disinfestation is defined generically as the set of operations aimed at eliminating, or at least the limitation, of the parasites (arthropods, muridi and weeds) and their damage, by the simple application of spray products in the home environment, in real stories of struggle.
The control schemes are using the Integrated Pest Management strategies (IPM) and must also integrate with the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) ie the overcoming of the critical points of the process subject to disinfestation.
The chemicals used, natural or synthetic, are medical and surgical (biocides), approved by the Ministry of Health approval behind the Istituto Superiore di Sanita. Each product is identified by a name and registration number, which indicates the precise composition. The label includes, in addition to the name, a text that indicates the mode of use, warnings and dosages. The containers, to form, capacity and material, are to ensure safety, be easily manipulated, to facilitate the precision of the assay and must be easily washable and shall not be dispersed into the environment.
Study of the environment with particular regard to the severity of the infestation and evaluation parasites
A real intervention of struggle, using the techniques and the most appropriate means possible to needs.
Control for verification of results and certification according to the protocols of the ISO 9000 standards.
The Products Used
The products are classified in different ways:
• depending on the stage in which affect the weed entities: adulticides for adult organisms, larvicides for organisms at the larval stage, eggcides for eggs;
• in relation to the species used are specific insecticides;
• depending on the mode of action: by contact, ingestion or asphyxiation;
• based on length of action: to knock down effect, or to residual effect.
The active ingredient determines characteristics and effectiveness of the product:
• among the inorganic compounds:
◦ boric acid
• among the organic compounds:
◦ natural extract of pyrethrum, made up of six pyrethrins;
◦ synthetic pyrethroids, be photostable or photolabile depending on the resistance to the action of light;
◦ coumarin derivatives.
The formulation, through the different co-formulants, helps to define the characteristics:
• concentrated formulations:
◦ wettable powder (WP)
◦ emulsion of oil in water (EW)
◦ suspendable concentrate (SC)
◦ concentrate for warm mist (HN)
◦ concentrate for cold mists (NH)
◦ smoke generators (FU)
◦ liquid for volume applications ultralow (ULV)
◦ concentrated microencapsulated (CS)
◦ miscible liquids in hydrocarbons (OL)
◦ flowable (SC)
• formulations ready to use:
◦ granules (G)
◦ bait ready to use (RB)
◦ tracer particles (TP)
◦ aspersion powders (BP)
◦ microencapsulated ready to use (CS)
◦ spray (AE)
◦ liquid ready to use in organic solvents or in water (LPU)
◦ flowable ready to use (SC)